The idea of principles

We see ‘principles’ mostly related to the idea of motivation force to constitute quality to design. From our viewpoint it is relevant that the principles are applicable to design, provide guidance during the process and create solutions that can be evaluated. Having principles help to provide  a framework for making design decisions and assists in evaluating the design alternatives.

The following 10 principles presented are review of a collective 64 “statements of principles” by Bill Mollison and Reny Mia Slay, John Lyle, Sim Van der Ryn and Stuart Cowan, Nancy Jack Todd and John Todd, the U.S. National Park Service and Andropogon Associat, reviews and summarized by Dan Earle and Sue Hutchins.

  • ETHICS: Ethical or philosophical stance guiding design decisions is stated for the client. Client’s stance defined.
  • CONTEXT: Design reflects its larger scale setting.
  • NATURE AS MODEL: Natural physical, biological and chemical systems and processes are the model for design.
  • RELATIVE LOCATION: Components of design are placed to make useful connections.
  • REDUNDANCY: Each element provides several functions; each major function is addressed by several elements.
  • EFFICIENT RESOURCE PLANNING: Biological, chemical and physical resources are reduced, reused, recycled and maximized.
  • EFFICIENT ENERGY PLANNING: Energy reaching the site is retained and used many times.
  • COMPREHENSION: Scale, technology, social relationships and governance are understandable, responsive to and controllable by users.
  • INFORMED DECISIONS: Information and participation replace standardization, power and anonymity of decisions to produce a precise fit between elements and functions to meet need.
  • REFLECTIVE FORM: Designed form and operations reflect the functions and processes being achieved.